Here are some basic rules for spelling -ED and -ING words:
ED = RUB > rubbed, STOP > stopped ING = HOP > hopping, SIT > sitting
|*note: Words ending in w,x,y,z do not follow this rule, simply add
ED, or ING
Examples: snow > snowed, box > boxing, play > playing
ED = If the stress is on the first syllable, the word only gets one consonant + ED.
ING = If the stress is on the first syllable, the word only gets one consonant + ING.
Examples:ED = If the stress is on the second syllable, the word gets a double consonant + ED.
visit > visited, open > opened happen > happening, enter > entering
refer > referred, admit > admitted begin > beginning, permit > permitting
Consonants = b, c, d, f, g, h, etc.
Vowels = a, e, i, o, u
Take me to the two-syllable word practice page...
ED = smile > smiled, fine > fined ING = dance > dancing, skate > skating
ED = If the word ends in Y, and has a consonant before
it, change the Y to I and add ED.
ING = If the word ends in Y, and has a consonant before it, simply add ING.
Examples:Vowel + Y
ED = study > studied, marry > married ING = carry > carrying, reply > replying
ED = If the word ends in Y, and has a vowel before it,
simply add ED.
ING = If the word ends in Y, and has a vowel before it, simply add ING.
ED = play > played, stay > stayed ING = enjoy > enjoying, stray > straying
Examples:words ending in a double consonant:
ED = dream > dreamed, rain > rained ING = need > needing, beep > beeping
Examples:Take me to practice page #1...
ED = park > parked, earn > earned ING = need > needing, laugh > laughing
Those were some basic rules for spelling ED and ING words, but remember, there are ALWAYS exceptions to every rule...Good Luck!
Copyright (C) 1998 by Kaye
This quiz is part of the HTML-Only Self-Study Quizzes which is part of Activities for ESL Students, a project by The Internet TESL Journal.